Restoration and Extension of Functioning State Authority (RSA)
Globally, 1.5 billion people face cycles of
repeated violence determined by a mix of political and criminal motives. Most recent civil wars have occurred in countries that had already suffered from civil war in the previous 30 years. Violence easily spreads to other more stable areas and more than one type of violence often occurs simultaneously, including political and civil conflicts, organized crimes, communal conflicts and/or terrorism. The main drivers of violence and conflict are (youth) unemployment, inequality between social, ethnic, regional, or religious groups, economic shocks, infiltration of trafficking networks and foreign fighting forces. High unemployment is the main motivation for recruitment into rebel movements. Countries affected by conflict fall far behind in development. No low-income, fragile or conflict-affected countries have yet achieved a single MDG.
The RSA unit seeks to strengthen national capacities for relevant stakeholders (Government, civil society and the business community) in order to create an enabling environment for democratic governance and socio-economic development. This is accomplished through the identification of key priorities linked to national development strategies and the delivery of basic programmes. The aim is to provide fast and visible early results, improve transparency and the participatory planning process and lay the foundations for local governance. Focusing on citizens’ security, justice and employment means that other reforms will need to be sequenced, including political reform, decentralization, privatization, and prioritizing the development of marginalized groups. Transition is not usually linear and is a long-term activity.
STAREC and the PCP recognize the above factors and the need to address conflict resolution as the foundation for recovery. In the context of these programmes, Civil Affairs supports the Government by preparing risk assessments, prioritizing areas of intervention, proposing conflict resolution and community reconciliation and prevention activities in order to facilitate the development, at provincial and local levels, of social conditions, in particular for youth and women.
Civil Affairs will assist the Government to undertake risk assessments and identify high risk areas to prioritize interventions. In particular, Civil Affairs will support the Technical Committees for Analysis and Support to Planning (TCASP) to identify preventive measures that will create an enabling environment for peacebuilding (see Conflict Management and Community Reconciliation).
Civil Affairs and the Provincial Ministry of the Interior co-chair the Support to Civil Administration sub-component of the restoration of State authority of the STAREC Technical Coordination Committee (CTC). They ensure a transparent and demand-driven planning process, focusing on prioritizing stabilization activities. These include for example road access to territories formerly under enemy control, deployment and capacity-building for State officials and providing them with the necessary infrastructure and equipmentCivil Affairs facilitates in coordination with UNDP and (I)NGOs, the mapping of gaps in capacity-building for civil servants, so that the local administrative structure can provide basic services.
In coordination with the UNCT, Civil Affairs will facilitate the organization of capacity-building workshops on decentralization, public administration competencies, local development planning and budgeting as well as other relevant thematic subjects, based on institutional needs assessment. The workshops will focus on thematic subjects that relate to national policy to ensure national and local ownership.
Civil Affairs will provide support to enhance the mechanisms for the implementation of STAREC and PCP. It will further facilitate capacity-building for good governance, planning and budgeting for local development as well as other thematic subjects for key local partners, including local authorities, civil servants and civil society representatives.
Where provincial and Local Development Committees (LDCs) have been unable to collect sufficient information to identify the nature of the root causes of conflict, Civil Affairs will conduct an assessment of the effectiveness of these LDCs in order to identify bottlenecks and improve their functioning. Where needed, Civil Affairs will, in partnership with all stakeholders (IRC, PADDL, CTB and CARE Int.), facilitate the establishment of Provincial Development Committees.
In partnership with UNCT, (I)NGOs, CSOs and State actors, Civil Affairs will continue to support the establishment and strengthening of Technical Committees for Analysis and Support to Planning (TCASP). These committees will organize information gathering for risk analysis in order to identify priority areas for development in a coordinated manner. Civil Affairs will assist in drafting the TORs for the TCASPs, which will analyze factors of fragility in conflict areas that could undermine the stabilization and peace consolidation process.
Civil Affairs will build a strategic partnership with UNDP, using NUNVs as local advisers to assist local authorities of the Ministry of Planning in the planning and decentralization processes in five provinces. The local advisers will also collect data on performance and monitor the functioning of the local administration.
Civil Affairs will advocate for and facilitate the establishment of Governmental Thematic Groups (Gov-TWGs) at the field level. These should be linked to the existing Civil Society Thematic Groups (CS-TWGs) in order to strengthen collaboration and joint analysis.
Civil Affairs will continue to support the STAREC Joint Technical Committees (CTCs) in North Kivu, South Kivu, Orientale, Maniema and North Katanga provinces. Civil Affairs will assist in the development of indicators to prioritize areas of intervention, based on CLA information on POC and the risk analysis provided by the TCASPs. Civil Affairs will also assist in the development of indicators for the selection of project interventions and to ensure a demand-driven, gender-sensitive and bottom-up approach at all levels of the decision-making process.
Development planning will focus on PRSP themes and be based on prioritized needs of vulnerable populations, including food security, the delivery of social services and youth employment in prioritized areas. Civil Affairs will continue to identify gaps and to facilitate the mapping of local administration, including the presence, number and capacity of civil servants.
Civil Affairs will facilitate advocacy campaigns throughout the country to strengthen relations between the population and the local government. These campaigns will focus on good governance, the responsibilities of the local authorities and public administration in the delivery of basic services, as well as a demand-driven, bottom-up participatory planning approach.
Civil Affairs will classify local authorities’ concerns and challenges at provincial and local levels. The classification will focus on main issues and, inter alia, establishing a free and fair electoral process and decentralization, addressing local non-armed conflicts, and ensuring participatory bottom-up development planning. The NUNVs will analyze the concerns of local government and civil society in relation to the root causes of conflict and convene workshops in order to address these concerns.
 Word Bank “World Development Report 2011”