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English  |  français 18:49:50, Thursday, 23 Oct 2014

On this page, you will find all the public reports published by the UN Joint Human Rights Office or the OHCHR.    

 

For more reports on human rights in Democratic Republic of Congo produced by other UN Charter-based bodies and UN Treaty bodies, consult the OHCHR- Democratic Republic of Congo Web page.

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Report of the UNJHRO on Human Rights violations committed by agents of the Congolese National Police

The present report by the United Nations Joint Human Rights Office (UNJHRO) focuses on serious violations of human rights, namely summary and extrajudicial executions and enforced disappearances, committed against civilians by agents of the Congolese National Police (PNC) during Operation Likofi. This operation was set up to combat criminal delinquency in Kinshasa and took place from 15 November 2013 to 15 February 2014.
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Report of the UNJHRO on Human Rights Violations Committed by the M23 in North Kivu Province

This report of the United Nations Joint Human Rights Office (UNJHRO) in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (M23) details the human rights violations committed by the Mouvement du 23 mars (M23) in North Kivu province, in particular in the areas of Nyiragongo and Rutshuru territories that it occupied from mid-April 2012 to 4 November 2013.

 During this period, M23 members committed within these areas grave violations of human rights and of international humanitarian law, such as violations of the right to life, violations of the right to physical integrity, including acts of sexual violence, violations of the right to liberty and security of the person, and violations of the right to property.

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UNJHRO Report on progress and obstacles in the fight against impunity for sexual violence in the DRC

This report of the United Nations Joint Human Rights Office (UNJHRO) presents an analysis of the trends in sexual violence in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) from January 2010 until December 2013. It describes progress made by Congolese authorities in prosecuting crimes of sexual violence, and identifies obstacles in the fight against impunity for such crimes. It also makes recommendations to overcome such obstacles. The period between January 2010 and December 2013 analyzed in this report has been characterized by the persistence of incidents of sexual violence that were extremely serious due to their scale, their systematic nature and the number of victims. During that period, the UNJRHO registered more than 3,600 victims of sexual violence throughout the DRC. In recent years, some progress has been observed in the fight against impunity for sexual violence crimes. Nonetheless, most cases of sexual violence are never investigated or prosecuted, and very few are even reported. One of the main obstacles is that many victims do not report incidents for fear of retaliation by the alleged perpetrators, stigmatization and/or rejection by their families and communities.

Date of publication: 9 April 2014

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Report by the UNJHRO on the violations of human rights and fundamental freedoms

This report released by the United Nations Joint Human Rights Office (UNJHRO) in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) focuses on human rights violations committed between 1st October 2011 and 31 January 2012 in the context of the presidential and legislative elections of November 2011. During the period under review, the UNJHRO registered 345 human rights violations, with at least 769 victims. In particular, the UNJHRO can confirm that at least 41 people were killed and 168 victims of violations of their right to physical integrity, while almost 400 were victims of violations of their right to liberty and security of the person. In addition, the UNJHRO has documented a further 26 violations of the right of peaceful assembly, 42 violations of the right to freedom of expression, and 18 violations of the freedom of the press. National defence and security forces were reportedly responsible for more than half of the human rights violations documented and the most serious violations were recorded in Kinshasa, as well as in the province of Kasai Oriental. The main victims were people identified as political party members or sympathisers, mainly targeted by the defence and security forces with the aim of restricting their activities. This report also analyses the actions taken by the authorities in response to the human rights violations observed and challenges to overcome in terms of the fight against impunity. It makes a series of recommendations to ensure that such human rights violations are not repeated during the next electoral cycle.

Date of publication: 11 December 2013

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UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Report on the situation of human rights in the DRC - 2013

This report covering the period from November 2011 to May 2013 assesses the progress made by the authorities in the implementation of recommendations made by UN human rights mechanisms. It commends important developments, including the promulgation of a law on the establishment of a national human rights commission. It also notes the improvements in holding State agents accountable for human rights violations, including sexual violence. However, the High Commissioner emphasizes that the overall human rights situation has significantly deteriorated since her previous report to the Human Rights Council, especially in the eastern part of the country, where a significant increase in the number of human rights violations and serious violations of international humanitarian law that could amount to war crimes and committed by national security and defence forces, as well as by foreign and national armed groups, including the March 23 Movement (M23), was observed. Other armed groups are also responsible for gross human rights violations and have sought to extend their control over areas rich in natural resources in the eastern part of the country, committing attacks against civilians, often on ethnic grounds. In the context of operations against M23, members of the Congolese defence and security forces allegedly committed gross human rights violations, including mass rape. The presidential and legislative elections held in November 2011 were characterized by serious human rights violations, committed mostly against opposition party members and their supporters, and also against human rights defenders and journalists. Little progress was observed with regard to the prosecution of the alleged perpetrators.
Publication date: 12 July 2013

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Report on human rights violations perpetrated near Sake, Goma and Minova

On 20 and 22 November 2012, and until the beginning of their withdrawal on 1 December 2012, combatants of the March 23 Movement (M23) rebellion seized Goma and Sake, North Kivu, while troops of the Congolese armed forces (FARDC) retreated towards Minova, South Kivu province. The present report outlines gross violations of human rights and serious violations of international humanitarian law, including killings and arbitrary executions, mass rape, and widespread looting, committed by FARDC soldiers during combat and retreat, and by combatants of the M23 during combat and the period of occupation of Goma and Sake between 15 November and 2 December 2012. The violations of human rights law and of international humanitarian law committed by FARDC soldiers were mostly perpetrated by FARDC units when they retreated from Goma and regrouped in and around the town of Minova, Kalehe territory, South Kivu province. At least 102 women and 33 girls were victims of rape or other acts of sexual violence perpetrated by FARDC soldiers. FARDC soldiers were also responsible for arbitrary executions, violations of the right to physical integrity, cases of forced labour and the widespread looting of villages. During the period of occupation of Goma and Sake by the M23, gross human rights violations and serious violations of international humanitarian law were committed, including at least 58 rapes committed by M23 combatants in Goma and its surrounding areas. At least 11 civilians were arbitrarily executed by M23 combatants. The UNJHRO also documented cases of recruitment and use of children, forced labour, cruel inhuman or degrading treatment, and looting by M23 rebels during the same period.  

 

Publication date: 8 May 2013

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Report on deaths in detention centres in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

The phenomenon of deaths in detention centres in the DRC is a priority theme for the UNJHRO due to its seriousness and scale. Between 2004 and 2005, the The phenomenon of deaths in detention centres in the DRC is a priority theme for the UNJHRO due to its seriousness and scale. Between 2004 and 2005, the Human Rights Division of the UN Mission in the DRC (MONUC) published three reports on conditions of detention in the prisons and holding cells of the DRC. Each report presented a deplorable picture of conditions of detention in the country and set out recommendations for the Government. Despite calls for action, deaths in detention continue to be of concern, and the data which the UNJHRO has gathered between January 2010 and December 2012 are alarming, as 211 deaths in detention were documented as human rights violations. These deaths are mainly related to the conditions of detention, the lack of support for the basic needs of detainees, and the lack of accountability of prison institutions. Places of detention in the DRC are generally overcrowded and sanitary conditions in them are deplorable. Deficiencies are in particular due to the small budget allocated to the prison service and the fact that it is poorly managed. Insofar as the Congolese Government is not taking adequate measures to meet the most basic needs of detainees where it results in a high number of deaths in detention centres, it is violating its international human rights commitments. State authorities are responsible for guaranteeing and upholding the fundamental right to life of people who are deprived of their liberty.

 

Date of publication: 13 March 2013

Original language: French

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Report on human rights violations perpetrated by armed groups during attacks in Masisi territory

This report focuses on grave violations of human rights, including arbitrary executions and forced displacement on a large scale, perpetrated against civilians in Masisi territory, North Kivu province, between April and September 2012. The UNJHRO confirms the arbitrary executions of at least 264 people, of whom 246 were killed by combatants from Raïa Mutomboki and Mayi Mayi Kifuafua and 18 were killed by combatants of the Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Rwanda (FDLR) and Nyatura militiamen. Other serious human rights violations, including rape, the destruction and looting of private property and the forced displacement of tens of thousands of civilians, were also documented. The total number of victims may be significantly higher, given that it was not possible to verify many allegations of human rights violations, in particular due to security constraints. The ethnic dimension of the attacks is of particular concern in a region which, for more than 15 years, has experienced cycles of violence often of an ethnic character, even if the underlying objectives relate to control of land and natural resources. The risk of intensification of ethnic violence gives rise to serious concerns for the peace and security of civilians in the region, all the more so given that the UNJHRO has received serious allegations of similar violence in other parts of North Kivu as well as in South Kivu.

 

Date of Publication: 14 November 2012

Original language: French

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Report on serious human rights violations committed in Kinshasa between 26 Nov and 25 Dec 2011

On 28 November 2011, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) held its second presidential and parliamentary elections since the end of the Transition Period in 2006. These elections, intended to be calm, transparent and illustrative of the country’s democratic progress, took place in an atmosphere of high tension, interspersed with acts of political intolerance and violence that claimed many lives. Between the 29 November 2011 and 20 January the UNJHRO deployed an investigation team to investigate the human rights violations which had occurred in Kinshasa between 26 November and 25 December 2011. The team collected about 110 testimonies of serious human rights violations, in particular the rights to life, physical integrity, freedom and security of person perpetrated by members of security and defence forces. The team documented 33 cases of civilians killed, 83 cases of civilians being wounded and the arrest and detention of 265 people due to their proven or suspected support for the opposition. It should be noted, however, that the team encountered difficulties in accessing detention centres and hospitals, reducing its ability to collect information. The number of grave human rights violations could thus be much higher.  The report concludes with a series of recommendations for the authorities of the DRC and the international community.

Date of publication: 20 March 2012
Original language: French

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UN High Commissioner for Human Rights reports on the human rights situation in the DRC - 2012

 

As with the previous report to the Human Rights Council, presented at the sixteenth session in March 2011 (A/HRC/16/27), this report looks at a number of past recommendations made by the High Commissioner and several human rights mechanisms and assesses the response of the Congolese Government. The High Commissioner commends the Government’s efforts to implement some of the recommendations made by her Office and by other human rights mechanisms with a view to fighting impunity, strengthening state institutions and improving the human rights situation in the country. However, she regrets that, throughout 2011, there was little improvement in the situation of the population. Her Office continues to document serious human rights violations, in particular in the east of the country.

 

Date of publication: 13 January 2012

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