DDRRR operations require concerted efforts aimed at producing concrete results. Therefore, the section depends on the work of the military contingents and Observers in the fields.
The sensitizers go to sites and regions where there is a presence of MONUSCO military contingents who provide escorts and security. These regular and collaborative initiatives help DDRRR staff to extract combatants in difficult positions. Some combatants may want to defect from their armed groups but are afraid of reprisal in the event they are caught. They therefore rely on the security of MONUSCO contingents to surrender.
When ex-combatants enter the DDRRR process or come to the DDRRR operational sites in the forest, they are flown by helicopters or transported by trucks to the transit centers in Uvira, Bukavu, Beni, Dungu, and Goma where they are properly catered for. They are expected to stay in these camps for a maximum of three days. They are provided with clothes and a pair of sandals once they are in the camps.
Under supervision, they are given access to telephones to communicate with their relatives and loved ones anywhere in the world –They are also allowed to watch television, listen to radio broadcasts while in the camps and are cared for medically if they fall ill.
Once they’ve spent the mandatory required number of days in the camps, they are repatriated to their respective countries of origin. But before this is done the DDR/RR would have contacted its counterpart s in the host country and make the necessary arrangements to receive them. The ex-combatants are then put on a bus and transported across the border and handed over to the RDRC in Gisenyi or Cyangugu in Rwanda. The Commission finally takes them to a place called, Mutobo (adults) or Muhaze (children) where they are expected to stay for forty five days.